Obesity and disease have a close relationship

Obesity and disease have a close relationship

A large number of studies have found that obesity and disease have a close relationship, see: Obesity and fatty liver Obesity is one of the important risk factors for fatty liver.
The results of the study showed that among 35
3 people with a body mass index greater than 24, 112 patients had fatty liver, and the prevalence rate was 31.
7%; in people with a body mass index of less than 24, the prevalence of fatty liver is 4.
1%, the prevalence of fatty liver in obese people is non-obese.
7 times.

When the body mass index is less than 22, no fatty liver occurs if there is no diabetes.
  Fat accumulation in the abdomen, prone to fatty liver.
The greater the ratio of waist circumference to height (waist/body ratio), the more abdominal fat is.
Domestic research believes that the waist is 0.
6 as a classification boundary between abdominal fat and non-abdominal fat.
If your waist is 1 meter, your height is 1.
65 meters, waist / body = 1 / 1.
65=0.
61, then you are obese fat obesity.
  586 subjects showed a waist/body ratio of less than 0.
At 45 o’clock, no fatty liver occurred; the waist-to-body ratio was from 0.
45-0.
64 for each increase of 0.
05, the prevalence of fatty liver appears to increase in multiples.
The waist ratio is greater than 0.
There were 54 people in 60, the number of patients with fatty liver was 37, and the prevalence rate was 68.
5%; waist ratio is less than 0.
The prevalence rate of 60 is 13.
8%, the former is five times the latter.
People who are “boss belly” or “beer belly” should be careful about fatty liver.
  Obesity and Diabetes About 3/4 of diabetic patients are overweight at the onset, and weight loss often reduces the condition.
Long-term excessive diet can cause excessive insulin secretion. In the long run, the secretion of insulin will not be enough for the body. The islet function is incomplete, the body can not fully utilize glucose, and blood sugar rises, causing diabetes.
Conversely, if the weight is reduced and the food intake is reduced, the pancreatic strain can be alleviated, and the B cells of the pancreas restore a certain function of producing insulin.
The rationale for treating diabetes with controlled diet therapy in clinical and practice is based on this.
  In addition, insulin promotes fat synthesis and inhibits lipolysis. Increased insulin stimulates fat synthesis and thus causes obesity.
This creates a “vicious circle.”
  肥胖与高脂血症  肥胖患者因血液中葡萄糖浓度升高,由于糖基化作用,可使有害的低密度脂蛋白胆固醇升高,同时出现高甘油酯血症和高胆固醇血症,而有益的High density lipoprotein cholesterol levels decrease.
The triglyceride content of male obese patients is 108% higher than that of the general population, and females are 43% to 73% higher.
  Obesity and Hypertension Hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance contribute to the development of hypertension.
Elevated serum insulin levels can directly promote the development of hypertension by increasing sodium reabsorption and increasing sympathetic tone.
91% of male obese patients and more than 78% of female obese patients have systolic blood pressure >160 mm Hg (mmHg) and diastolic blood pressure >95 mmHg.
The incidence of hypertension in male obese patients is higher than that in the general population.
1 time, female high 2.
4?
11 times.

  One of the consequences of hyperlipidemia and hyperlipidemia in cardiovascular disease is an increase in lipoprotein lipase, which causes a slight breakdown, which increases the concentration of triglycerides in the blood circulation, thereby lowering high-density lipoprotein (HDL).

In addition, patients with severe hypertension have increased blood circulation requirements due to excessive body weight, and increased cardiac output. At the same time, there are occasional internal and external changes in the heart itself, which may cause myocardial strain and cause left heart failure.

  As early as 20 years ago, it was observed that most of the blood in the obese people maintained blood lysis (plasminogen activator), which reduced the amount of dissolved substances, causing blood to form a coagulation block, that is, a blood clot.A state in which infarction is closely related, it is an important cause of myocardial infarction in young patients.

At the same time, obesity patients with high blood pressure, triglycerides, elevated free fatty acids are the basis for the increased risk of cardiovascular and vasospasm.

The incidence of angina pectoris in male hypertensive patients is 15 times higher than that in the general population, and myocardial infarction is 4 higher than the general population.

5?
5
5 times, female obesity is higher than 6 respectively.

8?
7.

7 times.
  Hypertension and gallstone disease increased the concentration of glycerol triglyceride, and diabetes was linear with obesity.

Increased plasma in turn increases bile alcohol excretion in bile, which increases the incidence of gallstones and gallbladder disease.

  A serious consequence of obesity and sudden death is sudden death.

It has long been recognized that the increased risk of sudden death in hypertensive patients has been confirmed by many epidemiological investigation institutes.

It has been observed that the rate of sudden death in patients with severe obesity is 13 times higher than that of the average person.

Those who weigh more than 20% of their ideal body have a 25% higher risk of death; more than 30% have a 42% higher risk of death than the general population.

  Obesity and sleep apnea syndrome syndrome fat people snoring, easy to wake up in sleep, is a common knowledge.

Hypertensive patients often have sleep-disordered breathing, which is characterized by pulmonary hypertension and hypoxemia, which causes respiratory failure and heart failure and requires emergency hospitalization.

  Obesity and gonadal dysfunction in male obese patients often have impotence or oligozoospermia.

Obese women often have menstrual strains, including irregular bleeding, amenorrhea, and infertility are common.

Sometimes accompanied by polycystic ovary syndrome.

  Obesity and low back pain have confirmed in recent years that even slight overweight can increase the pain of arthritis on the weight-bearing joints, especially at the waist and knee joints.

For every 1 pound of weight gain, 3-5 pounds of pressure is added to each knee joint when walking.

  David Deborah of the Potterton School of Medicine conducted a 10-year follow-up survey of 800 women.

She found that women who lost an average of 11 pounds had a 50% reduction in the risk of developing arthritis.

  Obesity and Cancer Males with prostate cancer, prostate cancer and female patients with gallbladder, cervix, endometrium, ovary and breast cancer and other morbidity and mortality increased.

One of the reasons is that most of the carcinogens in food are fat-soluble, which can be digested and absorbed into the body, and can also be stored in human micro-tissue, so the chance of causing cancer is increased.

  Obesity and Psychological Disorders At present, the society believes that obesity is unfashionable. Many obese patients often avoid contact with other people, which leads to obesity and loneliness. Depression, over time, can cause depression and even mild obesity.
  Obesity and Diabetes About 3/4 of diabetic patients are overweight at the onset, and weight loss often reduces the condition.
Long-term excessive diet can cause excessive insulin secretion. In the long run, the secretion of insulin will not be enough for the body. The islet function is incomplete, the body can not fully utilize glucose, and blood sugar rises, causing diabetes.
Conversely, if the weight is reduced and the food intake is reduced, the pancreatic strain can be alleviated, and the B cells of the pancreas restore a certain function of producing insulin.
The rationale for treating diabetes with controlled diet therapy in clinical and practice is based on this.
  In addition, insulin promotes fat synthesis and inhibits lipolysis. Increased insulin stimulates fat synthesis and thus causes obesity.
This creates a “vicious circle.”
  肥胖与高脂血症  肥胖患者因血液中葡萄糖浓度升高,由于糖基化作用,可使有害的低密度脂蛋白胆固醇升高,同时出现高甘油酯血症和高胆固醇血症,而有益的High density lipoprotein cholesterol levels decrease.
The triglyceride content of male obese patients is 108% higher than that of the general population, and females are 43% to 73% higher.
  Obesity and Hypertension Hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance contribute to the development of hypertension.
Elevated serum insulin levels can directly promote the development of hypertension by increasing sodium reabsorption and increasing sympathetic tone.91% of male obese patients and more than 78% of female obese patients have systolic blood pressure >160 mm Hg (mmHg) and diastolic blood pressure >95 mmHg.
The incidence of hypertension in male obese patients is higher than that in the general population.
1 time, female high 2.
4 to 11 times.
  Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease One of the consequences of obesity hyperlipidemia is an increase in lipoprotein lipase, which causes fat breakdown and increases the concentration of triglycerides in the blood circulation, thereby lowering high-density lipoprotein (HDL).
In addition, severe obese patients increase the blood circulation requirement due to excessive body weight, and the cardiac output increases. At the same time, the fat itself inside and outside the heart itself is also prone to myocardial strain, causing left heart failure.
  As early as 20 years ago, it was observed that obese people lacked blood to maintain blood lysis (plasminogen activator). This dissolved substance reduces blood clots, ie, blood clots. This is recognized asA state in which myocardial infarction is closely related, which is an important cause of myocardial infarction in young obese patients.
At the same time, the rise of cholesterol, triglycerides and free fatty acids in obese people is the basis for the increased risk of cardiovascular and heart attacks.
The incidence of angina pectoris in male obese patients is 15 times higher than that in the general population, and myocardial infarction is 4% higher than the general population.
5~5.
5 times, female obese people are higher than 6.
8~7.
7 times.
  Obesity and cholelithiasis The concentration of glycerol triglyceride increases, and the increase in cholesterol is linear with obesity.
Increased cholesterol in the gallbladder in the gallbladder due to increased alcohol excretion, thereby increasing the incidence of gallstones and gallbladder disease.
  Obesity and sudden death A serious consequence of obesity is sudden death.
It has long been recognized that the increased risk of sudden death in obese patients has been confirmed by many epidemiological investigation institutes.
It has been observed that the rate of sudden death in patients with severe obesity is 13 times higher than that of the average person.
Those who weigh more than 20% of their ideal body weight are 25% more likely to die; those who exceed 30% have a 42% higher risk of death than the general population.
  Obesity and sleep apnea syndrome Fat people snoring, easy to wake up in their sleep, is a common knowledge.
Obese patients often have sleep apnea syndrome, which is characterized by pulmonary hypertension and hypoxemia, causing respiratory failure and heart failure and requiring emergency hospitalization.
  Obesity and Gonadal Dysfunction Male obese patients often have impotence or oligospermia.
Obese women often have menstrual disorders, including irregular bleeding, amenorrhea, and infertility.
Sometimes accompanied by polycystic ovary syndrome.
  Obesity and low back pain In recent years, even slight overweight has increased the pain of arthritis on the weight-bearing joints, especially at the waist and knee joints.
For every 1 pound of weight gain, 3-5 pounds of pressure is added to each knee joint when walking.
  David Deborah of the Potterton School of Medicine conducted a 10-year follow-up survey of 800 women.
She found that women who lost an average of 11 pounds had a 50% reduction in the risk of developing arthritis.
  Obesity and Cancer The incidence and mortality of cancer in the anorectal cancer, prostate cancer, and female patients with gallbladder, cervix, endometrium, ovary, and breast are increased.
One of the reasons is that most of the carcinogens in food are fat-soluble, can be absorbed into the body with fat digestion, and can also be stored in human adipose tissue, so the chance of causing cancer is increased.
  Obesity and Psychological Disorders Today’s society believes that obesity is not fashionable. Many obese patients often avoid contact with other people, which leads to obesity’s loneliness and ignorance; depression, over time, can cause depression and even a tendency to be suicidal.

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